The event is known as the Giving of the Torah. The 10 Commandments contain within them the kernel from which the others emerge. However, they contain within them the kernel from which the others emerge. Schneerson , of righteous memory, encouraged every single Jewish person, from babies to senior citizens, to be present at the reading on Shavuot , reliving the original giving of the Torah at Sinai. Read a brief history on how the Torah is read here.
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The event is known as the Giving of the Torah. The 10 Commandments contain within them the kernel from which the others emerge. However, they contain within them the kernel from which the others emerge. Schneerson , of righteous memory, encouraged every single Jewish person, from babies to senior citizens, to be present at the reading on Shavuot , reliving the original giving of the Torah at Sinai.
Read a brief history on how the Torah is read here. The Ten Commandments are recorded twice in the Torah, once in Exodus 20, and once again in Deuteronomy 5.
The two versions are almost identical, but there are differences, with the version in Deuteronomy being somewhat longer. One very significant difference is in the fourth commandment.
On the morning of 6 Sivan , 50 days after having left Egypt and six days after they camped at the foot of Mount Sinai, the people of Israel awoke to thunder and lightning and a deep, powerful horn blast. As they approached Mount Sinai, they saw it ablaze, a thick cloud at its peak. Trembling in awe and fear, they gathered at the foot of the mountain as Moses ascended alone to the top. He then went on to repeat them to the people one at a time. The reverberations of this communication went much further than Sinai.
Read more about the momentous revelation at Sinai , here. See the pattern there? The entire purpose of creation was to set the stage for the performance of mitzvahs , as represented by the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments were carved on two tablets, so let us visualize them as being laid out as follows:. Note that we can read the commandments down each tablet, or we can read them from side to side.
This Midrash 3 provides the connection:. When one disregards Shabbat, he testifies falsely about the Divine origin of the universe. Commandments 5 and The juxtaposition of jealousy and honoring parents tell us that one who lusts after that which is not his, will ultimately give birth to a child who curses his parents and honors others instead.
The commandments on the first tablet are about spiritual matters, between man and the Creator. Explore the Ten Commandments Anthology, here. Talmud Shabbat 88b, our narrative follows the understanding of Rashi to Exodus There are 3 sets of diborot The first differs in wording with the 2nd and the 3rd- Joshua's-changes the 10th commandment Furthermore He accuse Jacob and his wives as idol worshippers This I can accept as for 22 years he could not convert his entourage and was not strong enough to get them to destroy their idols He asked them to bury the idols underneath the Terebinth tree at the end of their journey Did they?
The 6th commandment clearly says,"Thou shall not murder. Two very different meanings, though similar in action. In my youth I was taught, "only an eye for an eye. Where in the Talmud are the 10 discussed? Is it considered apostasy to violate the ten commandments? Lol it was actually 51 days after the Exodus from Egypt Reply. Thank you so much Reply. I am happy to hear about your recent spiritual awakening and your observance of Shabbat. Torah has many layers to it, and can inspire us at many different levels.
If one aspect of a Mitzvah doesn't resonate with us, another layer may. Perhaps that is the why the very Torah that gives the reason for Shabbat because He rested on the seventh day also says Deut. Therefore, even if you cannot relate to the reason for Shabbat that "G-d rested" from creation, there are other reasons for Shabbat which can inspire you. That being said, even science does not necessarily conflict with creation as stated in the Torah - you can see here about this.
The Sabbath I have trouble understanding as to the reasoning we should observe the sabbath. The fourth commandment states that it took G-d six days to create the earth and rested on the seventh.
However, I grew up a man of science and science has proven that it took millions of years to create the earth. Recent spritual awakenings have brought me more in touch with my religion, and I observed the sabbath religiously for 10 months. I observe it now in my own way but still am curious as for the commandment's reasoning as to why it should be observed.
I am not one to ignore the accomplishments of modern science, yet I want to be a good Jew at the same time. Hi David, I would urge you to revisit modern science, the hypothesis of evolution is disproven. Everything, even time only exists because we observe it, "before" anything is observed, it exists only as potential. So talking about time before the existence of observers of time is simple ridicules in light of this.
You see, time is a artificial construct of our temporal existence which did not exist outside the realm of potential before we became able to observe it as a result from our divorce from HaShem in the Garden years ago that led to our mortality.
In order to avoid that divorce to be permanent, the temporal had to be constructed because it is only in the construct of time there is a temporal. In the context of eternity, time makes no sense at all as you cannot divide eternity since whatever we try to divide the infinite with, they result remains infinite. Re: 10 Commandments It is true that "Ten Commandments" is only a loose translation of "Aseret Hadibrot," albeit one that people are familiar with.
The Ten Commandments were not meant to be exhaustive, as there are commandments in the Torah. Immoral acts are indeed abhorred by the Torah. However, we should not expect the Torah to express itself in terms that have only lately come into popular use. There is no reason to assume that those are the best ways to categorize what is morally bad. Also see Torah Slavery and the Jews and Does the Torah promote genocide The Torah was not given all in a single sitting, but was completed over forty years.
Indeed, those laws that have a rabbi's name attached to them are not considered to be directly from Moses. The 10 Commandments The concept of "10 commandments" since there is no equivalent expression in Judaism, as far as I know. All of those actions, in one way or another, are sanctioned by God, yet as 21st century human beings, we all know that they are immoral, reprehensible and subject to severe punishment.
Just exactly what is alleged to have transpired at Mt. What is meant by "receiving the Torah"? Did the Jewish people receive a hand written, complete sefer torah? If the Oral Tradition was given there also, why, throughout the Mishneh and Gemara, are all statements made in the name of rabbi so and so? If God gave us the Oral Tradition, should not all statements of halacha be prefaced with "God said at Sinai"? If God didn't provide the rules, then who did?
Rabbi Hillel, very wisely stated, "That which is reprehensible to you shall you not do to any other, all else is commentary. Then I saw the parallel 'five things' version. Then I saw 'take' as in marriage, and then I saw not ten, and not five, but one. To covet? In Hebrew, the word is "chamad" which means "take" rather than "covet.
Thank you Ben, for the clarification. Re: are all 10 commandments equal? If I was hanging off a m cliff by one hand and an orthodox rabbi happened to walk by, it's most likely that he would help me even if it is Sabbath. One of the expressions I 've read about the Mitzvot is that each one is like a fiber from a single rope which connects the Jewish soul and G-d.
You keep the commandments so as not to sever this bond, and one must cleave to G-d. Although a gentile I've been visiting chabad. I think it also says in either the Oral tradition or the Pirkei Avot sorry memorizing is not one of my gifts that one should not compare the value of each mitzvah. But as Ben commented Gentiles can follow the 7 Noachide laws, unlike christianity which says if one does not accept their beliefs "salvation" cannot be attained.
In Judaism individual salvation is not the point, Tikun Olam a kind of collective salvation , betterment of the world and the coming of the moshiach is. What do you mean by equal? They are equal in the sense that Jewish people need to follow all 10 of them plus the other commandments and their related rules.
According to most opinions, all the commandments are equally important and in any case we have to keep them all, regardless of what seems more important. There are three cardinal sins which we must die rather than commit, all the others we do not need to die for, so in some sense those three are more important. You could generally say that the first commandment is the most important because you need the belief in G-d, and the belief that He gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai and to Israel, to be the underlying reason you perform all the commandments.
The Rabbis have drawn added significance to different commandments to illustrate a philosophical point but ultimately, we have to follow all commandments and we do not know which are more important than others, and most likely, they are all equally important.
Also, man can be hurt by your not being nice to him, but G-d of course can never be hurt by your not following His commandments because He is in no way deficient. Ultimately, the reward two people get for following the same commandment will almost certainly differ. We are judged subjectively based on our individual circumstances, not against some objective standard. We all have to follow all the commandments we can. The subject is hard for me to explain. Just as all 10 emanations are within each other, all 10 utterances are as 1.
You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, his manservant, his maidservant, his ox, his donkey, or whatever belongs to your neighbor. These are just translations though, because the original is in Biblical Hebrew. In Judaism, we believe that these 10 commandments are directed at the Jewish people and non-Jewish people instead only have to worry about the 7 Noahide Laws, which are similar.
I hope that helps! From the Torah, to Catholic , to Protestant and they are different. Thou shall not covet, vs thou shall not covet thy neighbors wife, nor goods. Covetousness is covetousness, so which is correct.
Here's a great tip!
What Are The Ten Commandments?
I have wondered at times what the Ten Commandments would have looked like if Moses had run them through the US Congress. They're pretty important for us. And we're not the only ones who view them as important. During the s, hundreds of granite monuments of the Aseret HaDibrot were installed across America in parks, city halls, and courthouses. Cecil B. DeMille, the director of the epic film "The Ten Commandments," was one of the people involved in this effort.
The words of the Ten Commandments are transmitted to the people through Moses and Aaron , and are later repeated in Deuteronomy Though the Torah contains many more commandments, the Ten Commandments are considered of utmost importance. Scholars have noted that the Ten Commandments legislate two different kinds of things. The first five seem to deal with matters between God and people. The second five are rules for person-to-person interactions. Though most of the commandments given in the Torah are not considered valid by Christians , the Ten Commandments remain a central part of both Christian and Jewish theology.