However, rather than confine himself to the works of Descartes, Chomsky surveys other authors interested in rationalist thought. In particular, Chomsky discusses the Port-Royal Grammar , a book which foreshadows some of his own ideas concerning universal grammar. Chomsky traces the development of linguistic theory from Descartes to Wilhelm von Humboldt , that is, from the period of the Enlightenment directly up to Romanticism. The central doctrine of Cartesian Linguistics maintains that the general features of grammatical structure are common to all languages and reflect certain fundamental properties of the mind. The book was written with the purpose of deepening "our understanding of the nature of language and the mental processes and structures that underlie its use and acquisition ".
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This paper intends to present and critically examine some of the main arguments provided by the North-American linguist Noam Chomsky to support the thesis of an innate origin of a universal grammar, which is commonly associated with the rationalist philosophical tradition, as the only possible explanation of the specific features of human language and its acquisition around early childhood.
Some criticisms made by Thomas Nagel on Chomsky's so-called biological innatism will be then examined, and at the end of the paper we shall defend Chomsky's arguments in favor of his innatism. Keywords: biological innatism, language, universal grammar, rationalism.
Pois, afinal, que conceito estaria sendo veiculado pela palavra "inatismo"? Na verdade, estamos interessados em algo de ordem de conhecimento inato. Segundo Wittgenstein, , p. Em linhas gerais, o mau argumento pode ser exposto como se segue. Nesses casos, o "saber como" se reduz inteiramente ao "poder fazer". Diante disso, Nagel , p. Aspects of the theory of syntax. The minimalist program.
Cartesian linguistics : a chapter in the history of rationalist thought. Edited by James McGilvray. New Zealand: Cybereditions, What do I know when I know a language.
KANT, I. Os Pensadores. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, London: Fontana, Analytica , v. Acesso em: jan. Linguistics and epistemology. On Noam Chomsky: critical essays. New York: Anchor Press, The blue and brown Books.
Oxford: Basil Blackwell, Acesso em jan. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.
Services on Demand Journal. ABSTRACT This paper intends to present and critically examine some of the main arguments provided by the North-American linguist Noam Chomsky to support the thesis of an innate origin of a universal grammar, which is commonly associated with the rationalist philosophical tradition, as the only possible explanation of the specific features of human language and its acquisition around early childhood.
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Linguistica Cartesiana (Brh. Estudios Y Ensayos)
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Lingüística Cartesiana : um capítulo da história do pensamento racionalista