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Cremo and Richard L. Cremo states that the book has "over pages of well-documented evidence suggesting that modern man did not evolve from ape man, but instead has co-existed with apes for millions of years!
The book has attracted attention from some mainstream scholars as well as Hindu creationists and paranormalists. Scholars of mainstream archeology and paleoanthropology have described it as pseudoscience. In a twenty-page review in Social Studies of Science , Jo Wodak and David Oldroyd describe the book's argument: Early paleoanthropologists, in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, interpreted much empirical information as evidence favoring the existence of human beings in the Tertiary period about But starting from about the s, paleoanthropologists turned to the view that human beings first evolved in the next era, the Pleistocene 2.
The older evidence, Cremo and Thompson say, was never shown bad; it was just reinterpreted in such a way as to rule out tertiary humans. So what Cremo and Thompson have done is "comb the early literature in great—indeed impressive—detail"  : and argue, on the basis of their historical study, "that the old arguments were never satisfactorily disproved and should be reconsidered with open minds".
Ultimately, the book questions the Darwinian evolutionary assumptions underlying modern paleoanthropology. Anthropologist Colin Groves states that 19th-century finds were generally "found by accident and by amateurs", and were thus generally lacking proper documentation of crucial contextual information, and that the dates assigned were therefore suspect.
Cremo and Thompson fail to take account of this, he says, and seem to want to accord equal value to all finds. Groves also states that their discussion of radiometric dating fails to take account of the ongoing refinement of these methods, and the resulting fact that later results are more reliable than earlier ones. He concludes that the book is only "superficially scholarly".
Reviewing the book in the French journal L'anthropologie , paleontologist Marylene Patou-Mathis wrote that the book is "a provocative work that raises the problem of the influence of the dominant ideas of a time period on scientific research.
These ideas can compel researchers to publish their analyses according to the conceptions permitted by the scientific community. Different reviewers for example, Feder  : and Wodak  : — compared the book to works by Christian creationists. Writing in the British Journal for the History of Science , Dr Tim Murray  : 79 wrote, "This is a piece of 'Creation Science,' which, while not based on a need to present a Christian alternative, manifests many of the same types of argument," including accusing opponents of unscientifically trying to defend their biases, alleging they are acting conspiratorially, and explaining "the currently marginal position of your alternative as being the result of prejudice, conspiracy and manipulation rather than of any fault of the theory itself.
Writing in Geoarcheology ,  : anthropologist Kenneth L. Feder said, "While decidedly antievolutionary in perspective, this work is not the ordinary variety of antievolutionism in form, content, or style. In distinction to the usual brand of such writing, the authors use original sources and the book is well written. Further, the overall tone of the work is far superior to that exhibited in ordinary creationist literature.
Nonetheless, I suspect that creationism is at the root of the authors' argument, albeit of a sort not commonly seen before. Other reviewers also wrote of the book as being doctrinally motivated. Murray  : 79 wrote that "far from being a disinterested analysis", Forbidden Archeology "is designed to demolish the case for biological and chemical evolution and to advance the case for a Vedic alternative".
Wodak and Oldroyd  : — wrote that although the authors don't directly come out with a Vedic alternative, "the evidence is construed in the silent light of Vedic metaphysics. The book's authors "openly acknowledge the Vedic inspiration of their research" and make what Feder calls the "reasonable request" that the Vedic derivation of their theoretical outlook not disqualify it.
But, Feder says, "When you attempt to deconstruct a well-accepted paradigm, it is reasonable to expect that a new paradigm be suggested in its place. Feder  : suggests that the authors left their paradigm out of the book because of an ulterior motive: "Wishing to appear entirely scientific, the authors hoped to avoid a detailed discussion of their own beliefs [ Feder,  : in his review, notes that neither Thompson nor Cremo is an archeologist or paleoanthropologist.
He says they fail to give due credit to the advances in technique that distinguish science in recent times from that of the nineteenth century. And he brings forward various objections to their analysis of eoliths , stone artifacts sometimes regarded as tools. Wodak and Oldryod  : — also criticize the book's discussion of eoliths. Moreover, they say, although granting the book's theory that anatomically modern humans co-existed with more primitive forms would certainly alter our current thinking about human history, it would not invalidate orthodox evolutionary theory.
The book is more than pages long. Murray  : 79 wrote, "I have no doubt that there will be some who will read this book and profit from it. Certainly it provides the historian of archaeology with a useful compendium of case studies in the history and sociology of scientific knowledge, which can be used to foster debate within archaeology about how to describe the epistemology of one's discipline.
On another level the book joins others from creation science and New Age philosophy as a body of works which seek to address members of a public alienated from science, either because it has become so arcane or because it has ceased to suit some in search of meaning in their lives. Cremo continued the theme of Forbidden Archeology in his later books, such as in Forbidden Archeology's Impact His book Human Devolution , like Forbidden Archeology , claims that man has existed for millions of years, attempts to prove this by citing, as Meera Nanda puts it, "every possible research into the paranormal ever conducted anywhere to 'prove' the truth of holist Vedic cosmology which proposes the presence of a spiritual element in all matter which takes different forms, thereby explaining the theory of 'devolution'.
The Indian magazine Frontline called Cremo and Thompson "the intellectual force driving Vedic creationism in America". In Thompson and Cremo appeared on the NBC special The Mysterious Origins of Man , which was based upon the book   and which was similarly criticized by the scientific community. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: The Mysterious Origins of Man. Michael Cremo.
Retrieved 17 October Contemporary Authors Online. September 23, Chambers Dictionary of the Unexplained. Una McGovern. Chambers Harrap , Chambers, Social Studies of Science.
The Skeptic Australia. British Journal for the History of Science. Scientific values and civic virtues [Online-Ausg. New York: Oxford University Press.
January 14—27, Retrieved on August 18, New York: Disinformation. Science and Education. March 8, John Carman. San Francisco Chronicle. June 7, Thomas, Dave March Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Retrieved Categories : non-fiction books American non-fiction books English-language books Hindu creationism Pseudoscience literature. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Articles with short description.
Michael A. Forbidden Archeology , which he wrote with Richard L. Thompson , has attracted attention from mainstream scholars who have criticized the views given on archeology   and describe it as pseudoscientific. Cremo was born in Schenectady, New York.
Forbidden Archeology : The Hidden History of the Human Race
Cremo and Richard L. Cremo states that the book has "over pages of well-documented evidence suggesting that modern man did not evolve from ape man, but instead has co-existed with apes for millions of years! The book has attracted attention from some mainstream scholars as well as Hindu creationists and paranormalists. Scholars of mainstream archeology and paleoanthropology have described it as pseudoscience. In a twenty-page review in Social Studies of Science , Jo Wodak and David Oldroyd describe the book's argument: Early paleoanthropologists, in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, interpreted much empirical information as evidence favoring the existence of human beings in the Tertiary period about But starting from about the s, paleoanthropologists turned to the view that human beings first evolved in the next era, the Pleistocene 2.
Forbidden Archeology: The Hidden History of the Human Race