Aka: Genu Varum , Bowed legs. These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Genu Varum. Search Bing for all related images. Started in , this collection now contains interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and chapters. Content is updated monthly with systematic literature reviews and conferences. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers.
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Aka: Genu Varum , Bowed legs. These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Genu Varum. Search Bing for all related images. Started in , this collection now contains interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and chapters.
Content is updated monthly with systematic literature reviews and conferences. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians.
Toggle navigation. Pediatrics Chapter. From Related Chapters. Page Contents Page Contents Pathophysiology Normal finding in the newborn Physiologic bowing of the lower extremities External rotation of femur Internal rotation of tibia. Symptoms Noted first at walking age. Signs Knee s bow apart Typically symmetric and bilateral Measuring degree of Genu Varum Child stands with medial malleoli touching Measure distance between medial femoral condyles.
Differential Diagnosis Rickets Skeletal dysplasia Blount's disease Obesity -related abnormal growth of medial proximal tibial physis Tibial Bowing Anterolateral bowing Neurofibromatosis association Posteromedial bowing In utero calcaneovalgus foot will correct High impact sports May generate Genu Varum in teens.
Management No management bracing, connective bars, Orthotic s needed in most cases Surgical osteotomy may be considered in severe, non-resolving cases. Course Persistence after age 2 years is atypical Often transitions to Genu Valgum Knock-Knee s Occurs between ages 18 months to 3 years Corrects spontaneously by ages 6 to 10 years. Complications Premature Osteoarthritis. Images: Related links to external sites from Bing. Related Studies. Trip Database TrendMD.
Ontology: Genu varum C Definition MSH An outward slant of the thigh in which the knees are wide apart and the ankles close together. Genu varum can develop due to skeletal and joint dysplasia e. Related Topics in Pediatrics.
Orthopedics Chapters. Orthopedics - Pediatrics Pages. Back Links pages that link to this page. Search other sites for 'Genu Varum'. Page Contents An outward slant of the thigh in which the knees are wide apart and the ankles close together. A deformity of the legs characterized by medial angulation, resulting in a bow appearance.
Anatomical Abnormality T Genu varum , O-Beine , Genu Varum. Genu varum , nohy do O , genua vara , Nohy do O. Genu varum , Ginocchio varo , Gambe arcuate. Hjulbeint , Genu varum , Hjulbent.
A to Z: Genu Varum
Genu varum is a physical deformity marked by bowing of the leg. One of the risk factors of this musculoskeletal alignment is stress on the knee joint such as with exercise. Since the evaluation of genu varum has not been widely studies, this study was conducted to examine the association between genu varum and playing soccer. Between Septembers , soccer players and non-soccer players years of age were included in the study. A questionnaire of data including age, height, weight, body mass index BMI , years of soccer participation, the average time of playing soccer per week, previous trauma to the lower limbs, history of any fractures of the knee, previous hospitalizations, and the distance of joint lines between the knees was assessed for all subjects. In all tests, a P value of less than 0. Both soccer players and controls had genu varum.
Genu varum also called bow-leggedness , bandiness , bandy-leg , and tibia vara , is a varus deformity marked by outward bowing at the knee , which means that the lower leg is angled inward medially in relation to the thigh 's axis, giving the limb overall the appearance of an archer's bow. Usually medial angulation of both lower limb bones femur and tibia is involved. If a child is sickly, either with rickets or any other ailment that prevents ossification of the bones, or is improperly fed, the bowed condition may persist. Thus the chief cause of this deformity is rickets. Skeletal problems, infection , and tumors can also affect the growth of the leg, sometimes giving rise to a one-sided bow-leggedness. The remaining causes are occupational, especially among jockeys , and from physical trauma , the condition being very likely to supervene after accidents involving the condyles of the femur. Children until the age of 3 to 4 have a degree of genu varum.