To the north by the line that commences on the northern bank of the mouth of the Umba River, runs directly to Lake Jipe and, after passing along the eastern shore and around the northern shore of that lake, crosses the Lumi River and bisects the territories of Taveta and Chaga. Skirting the northern slope of the Kilimanjaro range, this line continues to the point on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria Nyanza that is intersected by the 1st degree of south latitude. It crosses the lake on this parallel and follows it to the border of the Congo Free State, where it terminates. It is understood, though, that the German sphere of interest on the western side of the aforementioned lake does not include Mount Mfumbiro. Should it turn out that this mountain lies to the south of the aforementioned parallel of latitude, the line of demarcation shall be drawn so as to exclude the mountain from the German sphere of interest; but the line shall nonetheless terminate at the previously described point.
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Zanzibar Treaty , also called Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty , July 1, , arrangement between Great Britain and Germany that defined their respective spheres of influence in eastern Africa and established German control of Helgoland , a North Sea island held by the British since Zanzibar Treaty. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Britannica Quiz.
History Buff Quiz. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Its text is as follows:…. British Empire , a worldwide system of dependencies—colonies, protectorates, and other territories—that over a span of some three centuries was brought under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain and the administration of the British government.
The policy of granting or recognizing significant degrees of self-government by dependencies, which was…. Caprivi Strip, long, narrow extension of Namibia, running about miles km from the northeast corner of the main block of the country eastward to the Zambezi River. Its width varies from about 20 to 65 miles 32 to km. The physical geography of the region is an extremely flat plain,….
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Under terms of this treaty, Germany gained the small but strategic Heligoland archipelago, which its new navy needed to control the new Kiel Canal and the approaches to Germany's North Sea ports. In exchange, Germany gave up its rights in the Zanzibar region in Africa, allowing Zanzibar to provide a key link in the British control of East Africa. Germany gained the islands of Heligoland in the North Sea, originally part of Danish Holstein-Gottorp but since a British possession, the Caprivi Strip in what is now Namibia, and a free hand to control the coast of Dar es Salaam that would form the core of German East Africa. Britain divested itself of a naval base which covered the approaches to the main German naval bases in the North Sea, but which would be impossible to defend as Germany built up its navy.
Zanzibar Treaty , also called Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty , July 1, , arrangement between Great Britain and Germany that defined their respective spheres of influence in eastern Africa and established German control of Helgoland , a North Sea island held by the British since Zanzibar Treaty. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.