HOLMES RAHE STRESS INVENTORY PDF

By Saul McLeod , published Each one of the 43 stressful life events was awarded a Life Change Unit depending on how traumatic it was felt to be by a large sample of participants. A total value for stressful life events can be worked out by adding up the scores for each event experienced over a 12 month period. Procedure : 2, male American sailors were given the SRRS to assess how many life events they had experienced in the previous 6 months.

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By Saul McLeod , published Each one of the 43 stressful life events was awarded a Life Change Unit depending on how traumatic it was felt to be by a large sample of participants.

A total value for stressful life events can be worked out by adding up the scores for each event experienced over a 12 month period. Procedure : 2, male American sailors were given the SRRS to assess how many life events they had experienced in the previous 6 months. The total score on the SRRS was recorded for each participant. As Life Change Units increased, so did the frequency of illness.

The researchers concluded that as Life Change Units were positively correlated with illness scores, experiencing life events increased the chances of stress-related health breakdown. As the correlation was not perfect, life events cannot be the only factor in contributing to illness.

The scale assumes that each stressor affects people the same way. Not necessarily true e. Most people experience major life events very infrequently. Therefore a better measure of stress might look at the stresses and strains of daily life. Kanner et al has designed a Hassles Scale which consists of items, including concerns about losing things, traffic jams, arguments, disappointments, weight and physical appearance. Aim : Kanner et al were interested in investigating whether it is daily hassles, rather than major life events that are the most stressful.

They developed a item hassles scale and a uplifts scale to examine the relationship between hassles and health.

Procedure : An opportunity sample of American participants, including 52 women and 48 men, all white, well-educated and middle class were asked to circle the events on both scales that they had experienced the previous month and rate each according to severity for the hassles and frequency for the uplifts. Each participant was tested once a month for ten consecutive months using the two stress measures together with another two psychometric tests for psychological well-being.

Results : They found the hassles scale tended to be a more accurate predictor of stress related problems, such as anxiety and depression, than the SRRS. Uplifts had a positive effect on the stress levels of women, but not men. Holmes, T. The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of psychosomatic research, 11, Kanner, A. Comparison of two modes of stress measurement: Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events. Journal of behavioral medicine , 4 1 , Rahe, R.

Prediction of near-future health change from subjects' preceding life changes. Journal of Psychosomatic Research , 14 4 , McLeod, S. SRRS - stress of life events. Simply Psychology. Toggle navigation. Back to top.

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The Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale

People use the word "stress" to describe a wide variety of situations — from your cell phone ringing while you're talking on another phone — to the feelings associated with intense work overload, or the death of a loved-one. But perhaps the most useful and widely accepted definition of stress mainly attributed to Richard S. Lazarus is this: stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that "demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize. Our ability to cope with the demands upon us is key to our experience of stress.

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Stress and Life Events

Patients ranked a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. More events mean a higher score. The higher the score, and the larger the weight of each event, the more likely the patient would become ill. Subsequent validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ].

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