IRAM 2184-1 PDF

The EOS Ionising Lightning Rod is a unique and effective system for protection against lightning in all types of environments or atmospheres such as oil or gas. Lightning is one of the phenomena less plus s destructive of nature. In a world of increasingly complex buildings and equipment, lightning is a continuous risk. A shock can damage The use of the electronic equipment in buildings and the failure of the The In addition s can cause fires and economic losses very serious. This system is equipped with an ion emitter and a polarized particle accelerator.

Author:Zulkigul Dojar
Country:Iraq
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Personal Growth
Published (Last):4 August 2006
Pages:166
PDF File Size:4.61 Mb
ePub File Size:10.8 Mb
ISBN:499-7-11307-875-9
Downloads:97880
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Balkis



The EOS Ionising Lightning Rod is a unique and effective system for protection against lightning in all types of environments or atmospheres such as oil or gas. Lightning is one of the phenomena less plus s destructive of nature. In a world of increasingly complex buildings and equipment, lightning is a continuous risk. A shock can damage The use of the electronic equipment in buildings and the failure of the The In addition s can cause fires and economic losses very serious.

This system is equipped with an ion emitter and a polarized particle accelerator. Both are energized by the electrostatic field of the storm cloud and then, with greater intensity, by the approaching lightning. The aim of lightning rod manufacturers has always been to extend the protection zone of a Franklin tip. Since the first lightning rod called "the radioactive one", patented by Gustavo Carpat in , it was tried to achieve this objective by ionizing the air around the Franklin point.

Our patent is based on taking energy from the electrostatic field generated by the storm cloud and the step tracer. The electrostatic field is generated downwards from the cloud. As it advances towards the earth it generates an increase in the gradient of the environment in which our EOS Ionising Lightning Rod is located. As the emission depends on the potential gradient between the reference field taken by the lightning rod and the ground field that increases as the step tracer approaches, there is no limit in our self-regulating system.

Ionizing sources outside the system of other types of lightning rods have limited energy. It is very common that the ionization produced by the radioactive isotope does not become sensitive to the emission from the Franklin's tip when the tracer approaches. No maintenance required. Other notable advantages of the EOS Ionising Lightning Rod are that it has no electronic components to achieve arcing, making it maintenance free.

Franklin's tip is the classic captor invented by Benjamin Franklin which, with the lowering and dispersing of the earth, constitutes the external protection subsystem of a modern system. In the EOS Ionic Lightning Rod, a single point was chosen because theory and laboratory experience have proven that the anti-technology of spikes invented by whom we do not know only makes the lightning rod less efficient. The function of the emitters, which are isolated from the Franklin tip, is to pick up the tension The field is in the air in a state below Franklin's tip.

They do this by means of four probes directed downwards and outwards, in order to take a significant tension with respect to the Franklin's tip which is at ground potential.

Each probe is equipped with an insulator that separates it from the Franklin tip to limit the corona effect and to polarize a metal plate with several tips arranged around the same plate. Crown effect: when the electric field is strong enough, the cloud begins to discharge towards the ground. The path formed by this discharge is called downward tracer and produces a very abrupt variation of the electric field, which affects the positive charges of the objects located on the ground, producing the so-called corona effect.

In this way, the tips of the metal plate are polarized at different potential with respect to the Franklin tip: the equipotential curve at the distance between both and the field generated by the advancing tracer.

In addition, the tips of the metal plate are polarized at different potential with respect to the tip of the probe: if we work under the electrogeometric model, it differs from the previous one by a positive amount due to the difference in height of the field, say 15kv since it is one and a half meters high and, say kv since the separation of the downstream is about mm, if we assume that the lightning rod is at a height of 30 meters.

The result is that the tips have, at the time we are considering it, about kv electropositive with respect to the air around them. This voltage causes currents to be released from some microamperes as Scholand elegantly proved in his cut tree experiment delivering the supply of ions that, in other devices, is sought with external sources of energy limited by the potential of the source.

In the case of the EOS Ionising Lightning Rod, the potential difference increases as the step tracer advances and the ion supply increases proportionally or exponentially, i. The way in which the accelerator is connected to the tip allows a toroidal field to be formed of the same polarity and tension as the ground, whose lines of force are directed upwards with the aim of taking the ions delivered by the emitters and accelerating them in a way that is proportional to the jump in tension generated between them and the ground.

On the one hand it is intended to accelerate the ions delivered by the emitter so that they acquire such a speed that they are deflected by the wind that circulates around the Franklin point in times of storm. If this were to happen, as the ions used to reduce the dielectric rigidity of the air are swept away, we would have a simple Franklin tip, without the increase in firing speed needed to extend its protection zone. The second aim is to achieve such an acceleration of the speed of the ions that the limit of the Townsend zone is exceeded, multiplying exponentially the amount of ions surrounding the Franklin tip.

The existence of a cloud that is between two and three thousand metres high above the ground generates by induction in the ground an image charge of opposite polarity to that of its base. Between both charges there is a potential difference that varies between and megavolts which produces an electrostatic field in which the lightning rod is immersed. In the electrogeometric model to which most rays respond the base of the cloud has negative polarity and the ground positive.

When the downward step tracer is produced from the cloud, since its heart or core is a perfect conductor and at its tip it carries the cloud's potential, as it approaches the ground it increases the gradient around the EOS Ionising Lightning Rod.

Delta H: is the height from the tip of the EOS Ionising Lightning Rod to the upper horizontal surface of the plane to be protected, see protection radii in the attached graph. IMPORTANT: s f there are unprotected areas Before deciding to place a second lightning rod, consideration should be given to lifting the already located lightning rod or relocating it.

Risk is a probability. When two areas overlap In the case of the same level of risk, as in the figure below, the risk of both being pierced by lightning is obtained as a product of both probabilities. Diego Subilibia, always attended to our requirements in an outstanding way. Proinex is a serious, responsible and highly committed company with the services it provides. This generates in us a high reliability in each joint task.

Both Carlos tech. I recommend it. The quality of the services, reports and attention give the guarantee that you are proposing a very good company. The necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensure basic functionality and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.

Cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and are specifically used to collect personal data from the user through analysis, advertising and other embedded content are called non-needed cookies.

It is mandatory to obtain the user's consent before executing these cookies on your website. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.

Our team will help you find the best solution. Calculation of Protected Areas. Manufactured according to IRAM and standards. No Limits. The accelerator consists of a concentric ring with a Franklin tip. The accelerator has a dual purpose:. Stage 1. Stage 2. How to increase security? Security has increased. What Our Clients Say.

It is a serious, responsible and committed company. Excellent service and very good response capacity. NPCR I. Rp meters. NOTE: Rp values rounded to the nearest 1m one meter. This website uses cookies to enhance your experience.

Cookie Policy. Close Privacy Overview : Privacy Overview This website uses cookies to enhance your experience while browsing the website. Outside of these cookies, the cookies that are classified as necessary are stored in your browser, as they are essential for the operation of the basic functionalities of the website.

We also use third party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt out of receiving these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website.

Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience.

Necessary Always on. Not necessary Not necessary.

JALALIYA RATHEEB PDF

IRAM 2184-1 PDF

The IEEE Emerald Book T presents a collection of consensusbest practices for the powering and grounding of electronic equipment used in commercial and industrial applications. Communications towers and the associated structures, by nature of their outdoor location, are often subject to disturbances form lightning. Gua para la eleccin de los niveles de proteccin para los sistemas de proteccin contra igam rayo SPCR. Finally a selection of case studies are presented to support the recommended practices presented throughout the book. This standard defines and describes the grounding and bonding topologies commonly used for the installations of network telecommunications equipment in central offices and similar type facilities.

APC SURT6000XLI PDF

Puesta a Tierra - Normas

.

APRENDER CARTOMAGIA PDF

.

MUNAJAT E MAQBOOL PDF

.

Related Articles