JOHN RUSKIN PRAETERITA PDF

John Ruskin. Turner and for the art of the Italian Middle Ages; a social critic whose aspiration for, and disappointment in, the future of Great Britain was expressed in some of the most vibrant prose in the language. Ruskin's incomplete autobiography was written between periods of serious mental illness at the end of his career, and is an eloquent analysis of the guiding powers of his life, both public and private. An elegy for lost places and people, Praeterita recounts Ruskin's intense childhood, his time as an undergraduate at Oxford, and, most of all, his journeys across France, the Alps, and northern Italy. Attentive to the human or divine meaning of everything around him, Praeterita is an astonishing account of revelation. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

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Ruskin was one of the most influential man of letters of the nineteenth century. An only child, Ruskin was born in Surrey. He attended Christ Church, Oxford, from to His ties to his parents, especially his mother, were very strong, and she stayed with him at Oxford until , when, showing ominous signs of consumption, he left for a long tour of Switzerland and the Rhineland with both parents.

His journeys to France, Germany, and, especially, Italy formed a great portion of his education. Not only did these trips give him firsthand exposure to the art and architecture that would be the focus of much of his long career; they also helped shape what he felt was his main interest, the study of nature.

Around this time Ruskin met the landscape artist J. Turner, for whose work he had developed a deep admiration and whom he lauded in his Modern Painters In Ruskin married Euphemia Effie Gray, a distant cousin 10 years his junior.

This relationship has been the focus of much scholarship, for six years later the marriage was annulled on the grounds of nonconsummation, and in Effie married John Everett Millais, the Pre-Raphaelite painter and an acquaintance of Ruskin. During the years , Ruskin lived in Venice, where he pursued a course of architectural studies, publishing The Seven Lamps of Architecture and where he began The Stones of Venice It was also during this period that Ruskin's evangelicalism weakened, leading finally to his "unconversion" at Turin in His subsequent interest in political economy was clearly stated when, echoing his "hero," Carlyle, Ruskin remarked in the last volume of Modern Painters that greed is the deadly principle that guides English life.

In a series of essays in Cornhill Magazine attacking the "pseudo-science" of political economists like J. Mill, David Ricardo, and Thomas Malthus, Ruskin argues that England should base its "political economy" on a paternalistic, Christian-based doctrine instead of on competition. The essays were not well received, and the series was canceled short of completion, but Ruskin published the collected essays in as Unto This Last.

At the same time, he renewed his attacks on the political economists in Fraser's Magazine, later publishing these essays as Munera Pulveris From about until his death, Ruskin unsuccessfully fought depression. He was in love with Rose La Touche, whom he met when she was 11 and he When she turned 18, Ruskin proposed, but the her parents opposed the marriage, and religious differences she was devout; Ruskin was at this time a freethinker kept them from ever marrying.

La Touche died in , insane, and three years later Ruskin experienced the first of seven attacks of madness that would plague him over the next 10 years. By Ruskin had accepted the first Slade Professorship of Fine Art at Oxford, begun his serial Fors Clavigera, been sued and found guilty of libel for his attack on Whistler in Fors Clavigera he was fined a farthing , and resigned his professorship.

Ruskin's work was instrumental in the formation of art history as a modern discipline. A capable artist, he complemented his technical understanding of art with insightful analysis and passionately held social ideals. His social writings are of interest today primarily as artifacts of the age, but his art criticism still holds an important place, especially in his appreciation of Turner. There is a vast number of works on Ruskin. From a literary standpoint, John Rosenberg's study, although dated because of many of its assumptions, is still an outstanding book.

Jay Fellows's work is interesting and has caused much controversy among Ruskin scholars. Praeterita : The Autobiography of John Ruskin. John Ruskin. Praeterita is one of the most remarkable autobiographies of the 19th century. Written by Ruskin in the s between attacks of brain fever, it gives a fascinating account of his upbringing in a severely respectable Victorian household, his Continental travels, his friends and relations, and the development and refinement of his aesthetic tastes.

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Praeterita: The Autobiography Of John Ruskin

Ruskin was one of the most influential man of letters of the nineteenth century. An only child, Ruskin was born in Surrey. He attended Christ Church, Oxford, from to His ties to his parents, especially his mother, were very strong, and she stayed with him at Oxford until , when, showing ominous signs of consumption, he left for a long tour of Switzerland and the Rhineland with both parents.

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Praeterita

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A luminous account of his childhood and youth, Praeterita is the last major work of the revolutionary nineteenth-century critic. In abandoning the traditional linear mode of autobiography, Ruskin opened up the form and was an important influence on Proust. In these more private writings we get a fascinating glimpse of genius as it flickers in and out of madness. Together these two works illuminate the life and mind of a towering intellect who left an extraordinary mark on the history of aesthetics and culture, and on the very course of autobiography. With a new Introduction by Tim Hilton.

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