ALI A. ALI S Imam Ja'far Sadiq a. One who recites this surah in daytime would remain in the refuge of Allah and for one who recites it before going to sleep at night, Allah would appoint Angels who would seek forgiveness on his behalf all life long and after his death they would condole at his bier and also remain with him in the grave, worship till the day of judgment and gift the rewards of this worship to this person.
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It contains du'as , supplications, Ziyara texts , practices specific to certain days, months, and occasions, religious practices and manners, as well as some anecdotes narrated from the Prophet s , Imams a , and Islamic scholars. Before Mafatih al-jinan , other du'a books were used by the Shi'ites. The compiler of Mafatih al-jinan has included content from other books including Iqbal al-a'mal by al-Sayyid b. Mafatih al-jinan was very well received soon after it was published.
Nowadays, it can be found in almost all houses, mosques , and Islamic centers. The compiler has included his al-Baqiyat al-salihat to Mafatih al-jinan which has been published in the margin of various editions. Also, two books of Mafatih-i nuwin and Mafatih al-hayat have been published. The former aims to improve the authenticity of Mafatih al-jinan and the latter to complete it. Muhammad Rida al-Qummi b. He was well-known in hadiths and history as well as preaching and orations.
Shaykh Abbas Qummi wrote many books, the best-known of which are Mafatih al-jinan , Safinat al-bihar , and Muntaha al-amal. The author has composed Mafatih al-jinan in order to enhance the reliability of another book called Miftah al-jinan which was being vastly used at that time and included unauthentic du'as. Shaykh Abbas Qummi wrote at the end of the first print of his book: "My brothers in religion have asked me to collect authentic du'as of Miftah al-jinan and other authentic du'as and compile a book" .
Nevertheless, he has not mentioned the chain of transmitters and only indicated the source from which the du'as have been quoted. Also, some du'as included in this book, such as 'Adila , have not been quoted from the Infallibles , but rather from Islamic scholars. Several long and short surahs of the Qur'an are usually printed in the beginning of Mafatih al-jinan.
The content of Mafatih al-jinan is classified in several chapters:. This chapter includes recommended acts of the lunar year. It begins from Rajab and ends with the recommended acts of Jumada II. It includes the recommended acts during Nowruz and the Roman months.
Al-Sha'baniyya Supplication one of the recommended acts in the month of Sha'ban , Supplication of Abu Hamza Thumali , Du'a al-Iftitah , the famous Du'a al-Sahar , the practices of the Qadr nights of the recommended acts of the month of Ramadan , and Du'a of Imam al-Husayn a on the day of 'Arafa of the practices of the month of Dhu l-Hijja are among the most well-known contents of this chapter.
Some information regarding the manners of travel, rituals of ziyara , and also [the text of] asking permission for entering holy shrines have been mentioned at the beginning of this chapter. The first ziyara, which has been mentioned in this chapter, is the Ziyara of the Prophet s which is followed by the Ziyara of Lady Fatima a and the Ziyara of the Imams a of Baqi' those Imams who are buried in the Baqi' cemetery.
In addition to the ziyaras of the twelve Imams a , this chapter contains ziyaras of the offspring of Imams a , some Shi'a scholars and noble people such as Hamza , Muslim b. Asad , martyrs of the Battle of Uhud , Salman al-Farsi , etc. The recommended practices for some famous mosques, such as Masjid al-Kufa and Mosque of Sa'sa'a b. Sawhan , have also been explained in this chapter.
The longest section of this chapter is the Ziyaras of Imam al-Husayn a. The last content of this chapter, which was the last content of the first edition of Mafatih al-jinan , is the Ziyara of the Graves of the Faithful and the related du'as. In the second edition of Mafatih al-jinan , Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi attached a section named Mulhaqat to the book.
In order to prevent other things from being added to Mafatih al-jinan , he had asked God , the Prophet s , and the Imams a to curse anybody that added anything to the book. Al-Baqiyat al-salihat is a book Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi has written and published on the margins of Mafatih al-jinan. The chapters are as follows:.
It concludes with a brief explanation regarding the rules of burial rites and funeral procedures. Presently, Mafatih al-jinan is being published by a multitude of publishers in various forms, and it seems almost impossible to state the number of all the published editions. Since the Mafatih al-jinan in full form is a large book, and it is not easy to be carried, many publishers have frequently published selections of it.
Tahir Khushniwis has written this book in neat calligraphy five times. Since Mafatih al-jinan is sometimes needed in a variety of situations for example, whilst traveling, developers have designed various apps for devices including cellphones and tablets.
Mafatih al-jinan has been translated into many languages including Farsi, English, French, Turkish, Urdu, and Spanish. Mafatih al-jinan has been translated to English at least four times, but only the translation by Badr Shahin is a complete translation and has been published by Ansariyan Publications.
Mafatih-i nuwin , which is actually the modified version of Mafatih al-jinan , has been collected and published by Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi , one of the Shi'a marja's.
Sayyid Hashim Rasuli Mahallati translated this book. Ayatollah Makarim's goal, as he mentioned in the preface of the book, has been to make the book well-suited to the current time and remove some content over which there have been disagreements.
A free online version of Mafatih-i nuwin has been published on the official website of the author, Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi: Online Mafatih-i nuwin farsi. Since Mafatih al-jinan covers mostly individual acts of worship, Ayatollah Jawadi Amuli has composed and published the book of Mafatih al-hayat [literally meaning "keys to life"] based on hadiths regarding social and family relationships as well as daily life.
This book is sometimes introduced as the second volume of Mafatih al-jinan. Some Years before the publication of Mafatih al-hayat , Ayatollah Jawadi Amuli, the author, during a Friday Prayer sermon in Qom said: "We need a second volume for Mafatih al-jinan , which has not been written yet.
God bless Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi and other scholars, but prayers; Dhikrs and ziyaras are not the only part of the religion. Mafatih al-hayat was very well received after its publication. By the sixth day after its publication in the International Book Exhibition of Tehran, the book was sold out, and the publisher began to sell the next copies of the book in advance.
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Supplication , Ziyara , and ritual practices. Iran, Qom: Ansariyan Publications.
Mafatih al-jinan (book)
Mafatih al-Jinan (Keys to Heavens): Arabic-English